http://www.xici.net/d59743329.htm 1 1811 2007-10-15 17:08:39

李景炎系太极拳忽雷拳谱部份之比较

blue_boy307 发表于:07-10-15 17:08
        忽雷架太极拳是由李景炎宗师根据陈清萍宗师的赵堡架再加入其个人心得 (据传参考清朝时代的灵台仪象志中梃子、三角、方圆的原理)而成。有「忽雷 架」、「忽灵架」、「活步方圆架」等等的名称。以下以目前比较常见的忽雷架拳谱,名 称条列如下,做一个简单的比较。                                                                                                                                           其中陈庆雷先生与杨兴靖先生的架子打法及拳理结构最为接近,主要原因 是因为二人皆师承杨绍舜。源於杨虎系的杜毓泽、陈庆雷、杨兴靖、王晋让彼此的 拳谱名称与动作也不完全相同,可以做为一些比较推论,可以看出一些出入的部 份。据说王晋让前辈後来与谢功吉前辈感情很好,从其学,故其拳架从方圆变为三角 形,发劲更加敏锐。                                                                                                                                                       赵堡系太极拳或忽雷架太极拳与一般陈氏太极拳在套路上的差别,一般有 下列几项:                                                                           1.金刚捣碓比较多:在於一般陈氏太极拳在套路中只有四个金刚捣碓,而前者 却往往有六个金刚捣碓。也就是在後面指裆捶後直接接金刚捣碓,再加上後面转 身向後的一个金刚捣碓,一共会多出二个金刚捣碓。                                     2.左右铺地锦:一般陈氏老架太极拳只有左势的铺地锦或切地龙,但赵堡系会 有左及右势的仆地锦。                                                               3.前後的懒扎衣、单鞭:赵堡系太极拳在後面指裆捶之後,会有左後转身再接 著演示懒扎衣与单鞭,这是赵堡系太极拳与陈氏老架太极拳拳架架构最大的不同 点。也因此赵堡系太极拳会比陈氏老架太极拳多了二个懒扎衣。                           4.玉女穿梭接穿心肘:一般陈氏老架太极拳玉女穿梭後为懒扎衣,忽雷架在玉 女穿梭後是接穿心肘。而且玉女穿梭前的格手动作,往往是在野马分鬃之後再後 退二步後再接格手;而陈氏老架太极拳则是野马分鬃後在原地直接演示格手。               5.倒卷肱:忽雷架的倒卷肱好像兔子或虾子往後跳,而且在倒卷肱之前会往前 二步,演示类似海底针、迎门靠的动作,这也是陈氏老架太极拳所没有的动作, 陈氏老架太极拳通常是肘底捶接倒卷肱。                                                                                                                                   各人的师承大致如下:                                                                                                                                         第一代         二代          三代           四代                    五代                               李景炎         =>杨虎       =>陈名标        =>陈丙新(陈名标之子)    =>陈庆雷                                                                                                   => 陈庆国(名标之孙)                                                =>杜毓泽                                                                                =>杨绍舜         =>陈庆雷                                                                                                =>杨兴靖(杨虎之曾孙)                                                                                                                                                    =>陈应德       =>王晋让                                                                                 =>谢功吉                                                                                                                                                        =>张国栋       =>张宝成       =>张胜明(张随胜)                                                                                                                       一、杜毓泽:     二、陈庆雷     三、杨兴靖      四、王晋让       五、张胜明                      起势           1.起势阴阳手    1.太极起式       1.忽雷架起势                                                                      2.忽雷          01:金刚捣锥  1.金刚捣碓    2.金刚捣碓     2.金刚捣碓       3.金刚捣碓    02:揽擦衣   2.揽擦衣      3.懒扎衣        3.懒扎衣         4.懒扎衣       03:合手       3.合手         4.合手          4.六封四闭                       04:单鞭    4.单鞭        5.单鞭          5.单鞭           5.单鞭          05:金刚捣锥  5.金刚捣碓     6.转身上金刚   6.金刚捣碓       6.左上金刚捣碓 06:白鹅亮翅   6.白鹅亮翅     7.白鹤亮翅      7.白鹅亮翅       7.白鹤亮翅     07:搂膝拗步  7.斜行        8.斜形         8.搂膝斜形      8.搂膝拗步    08:初收    8.高探马      9.高探马        9.初收           9.探马势步     09:斜行拗步   9.借步斜行     10.借步斜行    10.搂膝斜行     10.斜形腰步    10:再收    10.高探马      11.再收高探马   11.再收          11.探马势       11:前堂拗步                                                             12:掩手肱捶                                 12.掩手肱捶                       13:金刚捣锥 11.花金刚      12.花金刚       13.金刚捣碓      12.花金刚捣碓   14:撇身捶  12.撇身捶     13.撇身捶       14.撇身捶        13.撇身捶       15:背折靠                                                                                     13.碓手        14.碓手         15.掩手捶        14.合手          16:白猿献果 14.出手       15.出手         16.出手          15.出手          17:肘底看捶 15.肘底看拳    16.肘底捶       17.肘底藏拳      16.肘底看拳     18:倒卷肱    16. 倒卷肱     17.上步倒捻肱   18. 海底针       17.倒捻肱                                                      19.倒卷肱                         19:白鹅亮翅 17.白鹅亮翅    18.白鹤亮翅     20.白鹅亮翅      18.白鹤亮翅     20:搂膝拗步 18.正形        19.正形         21.搂膝斜形      19.斜形腰步     21:闪通背    19.上步面手    20.白蛇吐信     22.闪通背        20.右单鞭                                      21.面收                                                           20.铺地锦      22.铺地锦                        21.扑地锦                       21.闪通背      23.闪通背                        22.闪通背       22:抱头推山 22.双推手      24.旋上据                        23.懒扎衣       23:单鞭   23.单鞭        25.单鞭        23.单鞭         24.单鞭          24:云手      24.云手        26.云手         24.云手          25.云手          25:高探马  25.高探马      27.高探马       25.高探马        26.高探马       26:左转身靠                                                                    拗拦肘                                                                     27:右擦脚    26.右插脚      28.转身右插花   26.右擦脚        27.右擦脚      28:右转身靠                                                                     拗拦肘                                                                     29:左擦脚  27.左插脚      29.转身左插花   27.左擦脚        28.左擦脚      30:双风贯耳                                                                   31:左蹬一跟 28.左蹬一跟    30.左蹬一跟     28.转身脚脚      29.转身左蹬跟   32:击地捶   29.借地指裆捶  31.借步指裆捶   29.铺地捶        30.指裆捶                                                                       31.神仙一把抓   33:踢二起    30.踢二起      32.踢二起       30.回头望月      32.踢二起                                                      31.二起脚                         34:兽头势                                                                   35:旋风脚   31.抱左膝蹬山  33.抱膝蹬跟     32.抱膝蹬跟      33.怀中抱膝                                                    33.怀中抱月                       36:双风贯耳  32.抱右膝蹬跟  34.转身右蹬跟   34.踢脚蹬跟      34.转身右蹬跟         (中单鞭)                                                                   37:右蹬一跟                                                                  38:鹞子翻身                                 35.鹞子翻身                                      33.掩手捶      35.掩手捶       36.掩手捶        35.掩手捶       39:抱头推山  34.豹虎推山    36.豹虎推山     37.抱头推山      36.八虎推山                     35.单鞭        37.单鞭         38.单鞭          37.单鞭          40:搭手   36.搁手        38.搁手         39.前招          38.前看、後看                                                  40.後招          39.探马势       41:野马分鬃 37.野马分鬃    39.左右野马分鬃  41.野马分鬃     40.野马分鬃     42:搭手      38.收搁手      40.回收搁手                      41.金龙摆尾     43:玉女穿梭 39.玉女穿梭    41.玉女穿梭     42.玉女穿梭      42.玉女穿梭     44:穿心肘                                                  43.右侧肘                       40.白蛇吐信    42.青龙出水     43.揽插衣        44.懒扎衣                       41.合手        43.合手         44.六封四闭                       45:单鞭      42.单鞭        44.单鞭         45.单鞭          45.单鞭          46:云手   43.云手跌叉    45.云手         46.云手          46.云手          47:跌岔                 46.跌叉         47.跌叉          47.跌叉          48:金鸡独立  44.金鸡独立    47.金鸡独立     48.金鸡独立      48.左右金鸡独立 49:朝天蹬                                                                  50:倒卷肱  45.倒转肱      48.海底针       49.海底针        49.倒捻肱                                      49.倒捻肱       50.倒卷肱                         51:白鹅亮翅  46.白鹅亮翅    50.白鹤亮翅     51.白鹅亮翅      50.白鹅亮翅     52:搂膝拗步 47.正形        51.正形         52.搂膝斜形      51.斜形腰步     53:闪通背  48.上步面手    52.白蛇吐信     53.闪通背        52.右单鞭                                      53.面收                                           54:顺拦肘    49.铺地锦      54.铺地锦                        53.仆地锦                       50.闪通背      55.闪通背                        54.闪通背                       51.双推手      56.旋上据                        55.懒扎衣       55:单鞭    52.单鞭        57.单鞭         54.单鞭         56.单鞭          56:云手   53.云手        58.云手         55.云手          57.云手          57:高探马    54.高探马      59.高探马       56.高探马        58.高探马       58:十字脚  55.打十字脚    60.单摆莲       57.十字脚        59.左手打右脚   59:指裆捶  56.下步指裆捶  61.指裆捶       58.指裆捶        60.指裆捶       60:金刚捣锥  57.金刚捣碓    62.金刚捣碓     59.金刚捣碓      61.金刚捣碓     61:揽擦衣  58.揽擦衣      63.懒扎衣       60.懒扎衣        62.懒扎衣       62:合手   59.合手        64.合手         61.六封四闭                                     60.铺地锦      65.右铺地锦     62.铺地锦        63.仆地锦       63:黄龙搅水                 66.上步七星     63.合手捶        64.上步七星捶   64:夺二肱                                                                  65:翻花拳  61.弹花捶      67.弹花捶       64.翻花          65.下步跨虎                                    68.崩捶                                           66:转身指裆  62.转身指裆捶  69.翻身指裆捶   65.指裆捶        66.转身指裆捶                   63.金刚捣碓    70.金刚捣碓     66.金刚捣碓      67.金刚捣碓                     64.揽擦衣      71.懒扎衣       67.懒扎衣        68.懒扎衣       67:抱虎归山 65.合手        72.合手         68.六封四闭                       68:单鞭   66.单鞭        73.单鞭         69.单鞭          69.单鞭                          67.铺地锦      74.左铺地锦     70.左铺地锦      70.仆地锦       69:黄龙搅水  68.上步七星    75.上步搅捶     71.上步七星      71.上步七星捶   70:夺二肱                                                                                                                                               71 :跨虎   69.下步跨虎    76.退步跨虎     72.卸步跨虎      72.下步跨虎                                                     73.怀中抱月      73.护心拳       72 :转身摆腿  70.打双摆脚    77.转身双摆脚   74.双摆莲        74.转身摆莲                                                                      75.双擦脚       73 :当头炮  71.打当头炮    78.当头炮       75.回头看花      76.当头炮       74 :金刚捣锥  72.金刚捣碓    79.金刚捣碓     76.金刚捣碓      77.金刚捣碓                        收势         80.收势                        78.忽雷架收势                                                                                   二、练法阶段                                                                     杨虎系:       张国栋系        补充:杜元化系                                    一联           一联                  一圆即太极                                        二圈           二圈                  上下分两仪                                        三转身         三转身                进退呈四象                                        四分           四分                  开合是乾坤                                        五劲           五劲(恶形架)          出入综坎离                                        六圪节         六圪节                领落错震巽                                        七起           七起                  迎抵推艮兑                                        八落           八落                                                              九自尊         九自尊                                                            十朝           十朝                                                                             十一哲                                                                                                                                            PS:个人认为杜元化师传的 7 层功夫,很可是忽雷架系 10 层练法的源头,而张 国栋系的 11 层练法,应该与杨虎系 10 层练法有关,不过不曾听过杜系或王晋让系 有这种说法,也许是日後再推演出来。                                                                                                                               三、杨虎系阶段架子分类:                                                         一、杨兴靖      二、陈庆雷              三、杜毓泽      四、王晋让(萧治传系)    1.形架          1.初学套路              1.松柔(圆)      1.赵堡太极拳和式架                      2.形架(慢架、柔架)                                               2.劲架(恶形架)  3.劲架(恶形架)          2.用劲(方)      2.忽雷架                 3.功夫架        4.功夫架                3.方圆