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胡同口 > 教育 > 南京英孚教育少儿英语培训学校 > 学英语超强记忆力是如何炼成的?其实只需五步!

学英语超强记忆力是如何炼成的?其实只需五步!

英孚南京 发表于:18-10-26 11:43

        单词是每个学习英语的人必过的第一关,尤其是对于英语基础薄弱者,单词总是记不住实在很让人头疼。


        艾宾浩斯遗忘曲线告诉人们在学习中的遗忘是有规律的,遗忘的进程很快,并且先快后慢。观察曲线后你就会发现,新学的知识在一天后,如不抓紧复习,就只剩下原来的25%。


        随着时间的推移,遗忘的速度减慢,遗忘的数量也在减少。

学英语超强记忆力是如何炼成的?其实只需五步!


超强记忆力训练法


1

Location is key

位置是关键


        Quite a common experience is for context to mess with memory in quite a severe way. 

        在某种情景下记忆力严重混乱是一个非常普遍的体验。


        For instance, you're in the kitchen, and you think "I must get my raincoat from the bedroom" and you head upstairs. Once there, you can't remember what you came for. 

        比如,你在厨房,想着“我要到卧室里拿雨衣”,然后你上了楼。可一到那儿,你就记不起来你为什么上来了


        You return downstairs, and immediately remember. You head upstairs, and again can't remember what you were looking for.

        你转头下了楼梯,突然之间你又记起来了。你又上楼,接着你又记不起来你到底要找什么了。


        The trick is to imagine what you're looking for in the location you're headed to. That way the new context will contain the memory of what you were looking for.

        办法就是你得想象你到你要去的那个位置到底找什么。如此一来,新的情景中就会包含你在寻找何物的记忆。


2

Train your brain

练你的大脑

        To keep the memory sharp, the same thing's required that will keep the mind sharp generally.

        保持记忆力的敏捷,同保持思维的敏锐所要求具备的东西是一样的。


        lots of stimulation, keeping mentally active, learning new things. 

        频繁的刺激,保持思维活跃,学习新事物。


        Whether it's doing the daily cross-word, conversing on difficult subjects, learning a language, or simply doing an interesting manual task, keeping active is at the heart of mental health, and the sine qua non of keeping on top of memory as you age.

        不论是做每日的字谜游戏,讨论困难的议题,学习外语 , 或是仅仅是去做一项有趣的手工,保持活跃是思维健康的核心,也是保持你所属年纪最佳记忆力的必要条件。



3

Play mind games

玩思维游戏


        Every kind of memory is different, so there's no general test for memory. But there are many specific games that can be played. 

        每种记忆都不同,所以其实并没有什么通用的记忆力测试。但是又很多具体的游戏可以玩一玩。


        For instance:

        例如:


        Have someone write out a list of 20 words, give yourself a minute and then try to reproduce them in order. 14 is a great result. 

        写一个有20个词语的清单, 给自己一分钟,然后尝试着将他们按照原顺序再现出来。能写对14个就是非常好的结果了。


        Have someone do the same for a list of 20 numbers. Do the same thing with a collection of 10 flowers and their names.

        让每一个人也同样做一个有20个数字的清单。或收集10种花和花名。 


        Or faces and their names.

        或是记忆人脸和他们的名字。


        Each exercise will specifically test your memory (at the moment) for these things. The more you practice any such task, the better you'll get at it.

        每一个训练都会专门检测你对(有时候)这些事物的记忆力。这种游戏你玩得越多,那你收获的也越多。



4

Repeat, repeat, repeat!

重复,重复,重复!

        If you need to remember something, repeat it, test yourself on it, review it regularly. 

        如果你需要记下某事,就重复,检测你自己是否记得,定期回顾。


        One great habit is that of "recollection". At the end of the day, reflect on all the things you did. 

        “回忆”是一个很重要的习惯。一天结束之后,回想一下你所做的所有事。


        That single repetition will be enough for memories not to slip through the gaps, and can give a general boost to your mental clarity.

        仅仅重复进能够助你无缺漏的记忆,提升你的思维清晰度。



5


Tell a story

讲故事


        As a rule of thumb, we remember anything we pay attention to. 

        一般来说,我们会记住我们所关注的事物。怎样关注呢?


        How to pay attention? The answer is always to find what is interesting in what you want to remember. 

        答案就是要找到你想记住的事物中最有趣的部分是什么。


        If it's a story, experience its meaning and enjoy it. If it's a conversation, try to immerse yourself in its meaning. 

        如果是一个故事,那就体会其中的意义,享受其中。如果是一个对话,尝试去理解其中的意思。


        If it's a fact, try to work out what would be interesting about it.

        如果是一个客观事实,试着找出其中最有趣的是什么。