http://www.xici.net/d134745038.htm 1 491 2010-11-06 18:27:31
花嫁 家装 汽车 亲子 房产 财富 活动 鲜行 旅游 摄影 招聘
胡同口 > 人文 > 迦南论坛 > The Na Nach Nachmaphrase

The Na Nach Nachmaphrase

alexvin 发表于:10-11-06 18:27

Beillesztve innen: <http://www.business.reachinformation.com/Na_Nach_Nachma_Nachman_Meuman.aspx>

 The Na Nach Nachmaphrase was "revealed" and taught by Rabbi Yisroel Ber Odesser, a well known Breslov figure who was born in 1888 in Tiberias Odesser was among the first Breslover Hasidim in Israel, having learned about the movement from Rabbi Yisroel Halpern when he was a young yeshiva student. When he was 33 years old, Odesser was overcome with weakness and hunger on the Fast of Tammuz He decided to eat. But immediately after eating, he felt great sorrow at having succumbed to his own physical temptations. After five continuous days of prayer, a powerful thought came to him: "Go into your room!" He obeyed the inner voice, went to the bookcase, and randomly opened a book. In the book was a piece of paper that he would later call "The Letter from Heaven." The paper, written in Hebrew language with one line in Yiddish language read as follows: :It was very difficult for me to come down to you :my precious student to tell you that I had pleasure :very much from your devotion and upon you I said :my fire will burn until :Messiah is coming be strong and courageous :in your devotion :Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman :And with this I will reveal to you a secret and it is: :Full and heaped up from one extreme to another extreme (PTPTYH)This is the name of an angel in charge of the soundings of the shofar. :And with the strengthening of your devotion you will understand it and a sign :The 17th of Tamuz they will say that you dont fast Odesser believed the letter to be a message of consolation, directly from Rebbe Nachmans spirit to himself here on earth. Since his name did not appear in the petekas the recipient, Odesser said that this was reason for every person to consider the petekaddressed to himself or herself personally.Yisroel Sabatape recording and transcript. Odesser adopted Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meumanas his personal meditation and song, and became so totally identified with it that he later said, "I am Na Nach Nachma Nachman MeUman!" (This quote appears on Odessers tombstone in Jerusalem.)
Authenticity of the ''petek''
Image:Na Nach truck.jpg Hasidic Judaism stands beside a van emblazoned with images of Rabbi Yisroel Ber Odesser and the "Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meuman" phrase in downtown Jerusalem.]] Not all Breslover Hasidim use Na Nach Nachma(some groups actually oppose it) and not everyone believes it is an authentic writing from Rebbe Nachman. The following are some of the diverse opinions: *Rabbi Odesser believed the "Letter from Heaven" was a genuine miracle, pointing out that the bookcase where the petek(note) appeared was locked at the time, and he had the only key. His followers believed in the miracle also. They continue to this day to chant the phrase as a "Song of Redemption" for the coming of the Jewish Messiah. Odessers personal account of how he found the Letter has been translated into English under the title The Letter from Heaven: Rebbe Nachmans Song. *Some believe that the letter was a note written to someone by Rebbe Nachman when he visited Tiberias during his pilgrimage to Israel in the early 19th century. Somehow it was placed in the old book, but Odessers finding it was a coincidence (or miracle of timing), as was the reference to someone eating on the Fast of Tammuz. *Still others believe it was a well-intentioned forgery, written by one of Rabbi Odessers fellow students in order to cheer him up after he became depressed from breaking his fast. Although Na Nach Nachmais based on the name of Rebbe Nachman, he himself did not use it, and it was unknown in his day. However, he did say that repeating one word over and over was an effective form of meditation (Likutei Moharan Tinyana #96). His own personal phrase was Ribono shel Olam(Master of the Universe) which he pronounced with the Yiddish intonation as: Ree-BOY-noy shell OY-lahm. Many Breslover Hasidim today still prefer this phrase.
Pronunciation and meaning of the phrase
During his lifetime, Rebbe Nachman spoke of a "Song of Redemption" that would be revealed before the coming of the Jewish Messiah This song would be in a "single, double, triple, quadruple" form. (Likutei Moharan II, #8). The Na Nach Nachmaphrase has such a structure (keeping in mind that Hebrew often omits the vowels) and is based on the Rebbes name, "Nachman": *N (one Hebrew letter: Nun) -- ? *N CH (Two Hebrew letters: Nun-Chet) -- ?? *N CHM (Three Hebrew letters: Nun-Chet-Mem) -- ??? *N CHM N (Four Hebrew letters: Nun-Chet-Mem-Nun) -- ???? *MeUman (a double entendre: it can mean "from Uman" -- Rebbe Nachmans burial place and can also mean "believed" or "accredited.") -- ????? The phrase is pronounced with a soft A sound as in "ah" and a guttural KH sound as in German "ach." It is usually accented as follows: Nah nakh-nakh ah-nakh an-meh-oo-mahn Speakers of Yiddish have also noted that na nachcan mean "now to," which would loosely translate the phrase as "Now to Nachman from Uman," that is, traveling to the Rebbe on pilgrimage to his gravesite or in ones heart.
Popularity of the phrase today
Whatever the origins of this phrase, it is now very popular among a subgroup group of Breslover Hasidim who follow Rabbi Odesser, who are colloquially known as the [[Na Nach]]s The name has been incorporated into both traditional and contemporary Jewish music, appeared on bumper sticker , billboards and public graffiti throughout Israel, and is used on jewellery and amulet . Besides the Na Nachs some non-Jews use the phrase as a form of kabbalah meditation.Among some groups of Sephardi Jews Jewish youth in Israel, it has become a sort of rallying cry for returning to traditional Judaism, although not necessarily to mainstream Breslov. Image:Na-nach-nachma-yarmulke.jpg More recently, some people have begun to wear the words of the phrase crocheted on large, white kippah with a little tassel on top. (These hats are a modification of a traditional white yarmulke that has been worn in Jerusalem for centuries. That style, in turn, apparently evolved from the medieval Jewish hat with the ball on top — hence the tassel.When Rabbi Odesser was still alive, some of his followers were already wearing large white yarmulkes, but without the phrase on them. Today, the Na Nachsmake this crocheted yarmulke part of their uniform attire. Na Nach Nachma Nachman Meumanyarmulkes in other colors are also appearing on the market and are a popular item for Purim In 2008, an Israeli seller on eBay offered a white baseball cap with the phrase embroidered on it.
Bibliography
The following books were written on the petekand the meaning of its words: *Matzpon Hapetek("The Compass of the Petek"), by Amos Levi. This book divides the 6,000 years of the world by the 51 words of the petek allocating 120 years to each word, analyzing history and the future based on the corresponding word and letters in the petek E.g. the first word of the petek Meod(very) corresponds to the first 120 years of the world. Thus the word Meodcan be rearranged to spell Adam the first person to live in those years. *Seventy Rectifications of the Petek *Zeh Yinachamainu("This Will Comfort Us"), by Bezenson. An in-depth study of every word and letter of the petek
Notes
Sources
*The Letter from Heaven: Rebbe Nachmans Song. an account of Rabbi Odessers life and the story of the Na Nach Nachma,published by Netzach Yisroel Press, Israel, 1991, 1995. *Young Buds of the Stream,letters to Zalman Shazar from Rabbi Odesser, English edition published by Netzach Yisroel Press, Israel 1995. Pages 37–43 contain a detailed explanation of the meaning of the phrase. *Outpouring of the Soul,translated by Aryeh Kaplan (Compilation of Nachman of Breslov s quotes on meditation and prayer). Breslov Research Institute 1980.